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The completion of the new 46,000 m² station has put Rotterdam central station squarely back on the map as a major city-centre hub. It plays an important role in the European network of high-speed rail connections, serving as a gateway to Europe. It is here that countless European passengers enter and leave the Netherlands. This two-way connection between the city and Europe also adds an extra dimension to the station and its surroundings. This made it a particularly interesting assignment for us.

Location
Rotterdam

Project completion
2014

Client
Bouwcombinatie TBI Rotterdam Centraal (BTRC)
Iemants NV (zuidhal)

Building surface
46,000 m2

Solutions
Infrastructure

New Station

The old station – designed by Sybold van Ravesteyn – consisted of a standalone building out front, a tunnel and open platforms, each with their own canopy. It had ceased to meet users’ current needs and requirements in terms of both capacity and layout. For these reasons, the City of Rotterdam and ProRail wanted to build a new station that would form a single entity for all its users. Team CS’s design certainly satisfied these requirements. The station hall now runs all the way through from Proveniersplein on the north side to Stationsplein on the south side. The 250 meter wide platform roof forms a single entity with the main entrance hall and passenger thoroughfare.

Well Laid Out

The new Rotterdam central station is particularly well laid-out. We achieved this by adhering to a single guiding principle – trains and all station facilities and amenities had to be under one roof. The result is a pleasant, open and transparent public transportation hub that has become a meeting place for passengers and Rotterdam’s residents alike. Because the station is now inextricably intertwined with the city’s urban transportation network, it connects and unites many of other facets of the city to create a cultural hub, as well. This modern and efficient building provides every facility, amenity and comfort imaginable for passengers travelling to and from Rotterdam, now and in the future.

Roof

The roof that spans the entire station creating a single entity is actually made up of two halves – a high, light section vaulting the tracks and trains, and a more imposing section over the main entrance hall clad in shiny stainless steel. This is a reference to the glistening River Meuse that flows through the heart of Rotterdam. The roof above the main entrance hall is a steel structure of an immense span supported at just two points founded on the subway station’s diaphragm walls. To soften the awe-inspiring scale of the new station, we opted for a warm, wooden cladding for the enormous roof’s interior.

North Side

The huge difference in character between the areas to the south and north of the station adds to the location’s charm. To the north is a residential neighbourhood. To the south is the city centre. We reflected these differences in the station’s and its surroundings’ look and feel. To the north of the station, we opted for a modest, transparent hallway that blended with the character of the late nineteenth-century Proveniers district. Here, we avoided any major expansion and focused on improving the existing landscaping in the immediate vicinity of the station.

City Centre Side

To the south, we purposely wanted to create something more outspoken with a certain majesty and allure, in keeping with the scale of its surroundings including the Groot Handelsgebouw building and the high-rise buildings along Weena. The main station hall’s stunning design reflects Rotterdam’s cityscape with its metropolitan architecture.

Solar Panels

Roofing over the tracks has been fitted with over 130,000 solar panels covering some 10,000 m² of the total 28,000 m² of roof area. This makes it not only the most extensive use of solar panels on a station roof in the Netherlands, but also in Europe. The solar panels have been positioned on the sections of the roof that receive the most sunlight. We even took into account high-rise construction that will be taking place around Rotterdam central station in years to come. Using solar panels resulted in an eight per cent reduction of CO2 emission levels for energy usage at the station.

Square

The square in front of the station – Stationsplein – is a public space free of any traffic. We achieved this together with Rotterdam City Council by building a car park beneath the square for 750 vehicles and storage facilities for 5,200 bicycles. We also relocated the trams to the east side of the square. The square now stretches all the way to Kruisplein and then merges into Schouwburgplein.

Passenger Information

In the spacious, high-ceilinged station hall, we paid particular attention to how passengers could find the information they were looking for. Here, passengers can find an information counter, an NS passenger shop and ticket machines. All commercial facilities and amenities have also been prioritized in a clearly laid-out fashion. The Grand Café and the NS Lounge on the upper floor provide spectacular views over the main entrance hall and the tracks.

Team CS

The station and its surroundings were designed by Team CS – founded in 2003 as a partnership between Benthem Crouwel Architekten, MVSA and West 8. These three architectural firms were jointly responsible for designing Rotterdam’s new central station. Team CS worked on its design from a special-purpose, shared office on the seventh floor of the Groot Handelsgebouw building on Stationsplein. There was no segregation of disciplines and all three parties acted as a single architectural firm. The partnership and chemistry between the offices resulted in true synergy – the whole was really greater than the sum of its parts. The finished building is a station of international allure that can compete with any station in London, Berlin or Barcelona.

Project credits

  • Project title
  • Rotterdam Central Station
  • Solutions
  • Infrastructure
  • Expertise
  • Architecture
  • Status
  • Completed
  • Building surface
  • 46,000 m2
  • Country
  • The Netherlands
  • City
  • Rotterdam
  • Start project
  • 2003
  • Completion
  • 2014
  • Partners
  • Team CS: a cooperation between Benthem Crouwel Architects, MVSA Meyer en van Schooten Architecten and West8
  • Client
  • Bouwcombinatie TBI Rotterdam Centraal (BTRC)
  • Iemants NV (zuidhal)

Awards

  • BNA Best Building of the Year (BNA Beste gebouw van het Jaar) 2015 - Rotterdam Central Station
  • Blueprint Awards 2015 - nominated category Best Public Use Project with Public Funding - Rotterdam Central Station
  • National Steel Award (Nationale Staalprijs) 2014 - category industrial building - Rotterdam Central Station
  • StiB Award 2014 (Cities in Motion) – winner 1st prize - Rotterdam Central Station, as part of the Rotterdam Central District
  • Rotterdam Architecture Award (Rotterdamse Architectuurprijs) 2014 - Rotterdam Central Station
  • Dutch Design Awards 2014 - category Habitat - Rotterdam Central Station
  • The Daylight Award 2014 - Rotterdam Central Station
  • Golden Phoenix (Gulden Feniks) 2014 – winner 1st prize category Area Transformation – Rotterdam Central Station as part of the Rotterdam Central District
  • Brunel Railway Terminal Award 2014 - Rotterdam Central Station
  • Wood Architecture Award (Hout Architectuur Prijs) 2014 - Rotterdam Central Station
  • 2017 American Architecture Prize - Winner in Architectural Design / Transportation

News & Publications

MVSA nominated for two Blueprint Awards 2015

MVSA nominated for two Blueprint Awards 2015

This year two projects from MVSA Architects are nominated for a Blueprint Award 2015. The Blueprint Awards, organised by the […]

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Rotterdam Centraal Best Building of 2015

Rotterdam Centraal Best Building of 2015

Out of nine nomitated projects Rotterdam Centraal was voted winner of the Best Building of 2015 Award (Beste Gebouw van […]

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Rotterdam Centraal wins Dutch Building Award

Rotterdam Centraal wins Dutch Building Award

Rotterdam Centraal has won another prestigious award. Monday February 9th the project won the Dutch Building Award (Nationale Bouwprijs). The […]

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Offical opening Rotterdam Centraal

Offical opening Rotterdam Centraal

This coming Thursday, March 13th, Rotterdam Central Station will officially be opened by King Willem-Alexander. The design by Team CS […]

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Rotterdam Centraal finalist DDA 2014

Rotterdam Centraal finalist DDA 2014

Rotterdam Centraal railway terminal is shortlisted for the Dutch Design Award 2014 in the category Habitat. The judgement of the […]

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Rotterdam Centraal nominee for Wood Architecture Award

Rotterdam Centraal nominee for Wood Architecture Award

Rotterdam Centraal has also been nominated for the Wood Architecture Award (Houtarchitectuurprijs) 2014. In addition to steel and glass, wood […]

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Daylight Award nominates Rotterdam Centraal

Daylight Award nominates Rotterdam Centraal

The nominees for the Daylight Award 2014 have been announced. The Daylight Award is the biennial Award – of the […]

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Rotterdam Centraal Winner Living Daylight Award

Rotterdam Centraal Winner Living Daylight Award

At the Light Congres 2014 Rotterdam Central station was announced winner of the 4th Living Daylight Award. For the jury […]

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Bouwen met Staal Special about Rotterdam Centraal

Bouwen met Staal Special about Rotterdam Centraal

No. 240 of the magazine Bouwen met Staal is a complete special about the project Rotterdam Centraal station. This special […]

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Rotterdam Centraal Winner Staal Award

Rotterdam Centraal Winner Staal Award

At the Nationale Staalbouwdag 2014 (Steal Expo) Rotterdam Centraal was chosen as winner in the category commercial construction. The prize […]

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Rotterdam Centraal Wins Architecture Wood Award

Rotterdam Centraal Wins Architecture Wood Award

Team CS has won the Architecture Wood Award 2014 for the railway terminal Rotterdam Centraal. The prize was given at […]

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Rotterdam Centraal winner in Brunel Awards

Rotterdam Centraal winner in Brunel Awards

Rotterdam Central became winner at the 12th Brunel Awards. The prize giving ceremony was held at the Zuiderkerk on October […]

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Rotterdam Centraal wins Dutch Design Award

Rotterdam Centraal wins Dutch Design Award

The railway terminal Rotterdam Centraal has won the Dutch Design Award 2014 in the category Habitat. The award ceremony marked […]

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Presentation of Yearbook at Rotterdam Centraal

Presentation of Yearbook at Rotterdam Centraal

This coming Saterday, December 13th, the new Yearbook Landscape Architecture and Urban Planning 2014 will be presented at Rotterdam Centraal […]

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Blauwe Kamer Yearbook

Blauwe Kamer Yearbook

The new Yearbook Landscape Architecture and Urban Planning 2014 by the Blauwe Kamer was presented last Saturday (13-12-2014) at Rotterdam […]

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Rotterdam Centraal wins RAP14

Rotterdam Centraal wins RAP14

Rotterdam Centraal won the prestigious Rotterdam Architecture Award 2014, at the prize-giving event on Wednesday December 17th. The city of […]

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Team CS: Architect of the Year

Team CS: Architect of the Year

Team CS is Architect of the Year 2014. The award is given to show praise for architects who have shown […]

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